Translation and interpretation are two very similar language services. They are both concerned with transmitting a message from one language (the source) to another (the target). The main difference between these two services centres on the means of support: translation is written; interpretation is spoken.
It has been a long time since machines have been limited to literal translations, complete with all the often comical mistakes. Who among us does not recall with tears of laughter that first version of Google Translate way back in 2006?
In this era of globalisation there is more translation work than ever. International businesses reach increasingly greater levels of sophistication, demanding and creating an enormous volume of documents and correspondence and a huge number of web pages, involving partners from all over the world with different cultures and languages.
(...) As we learn to speak we are learning to translate; the child who asks his mother the meaning of a word is really asking her to translate the unfamiliar into the simple words he already knows. In this sense, translation within the same language is not essentially different from translation between two tongues, and the history of all peoples parallels the child's experience (...)